Top dressing of winter wheat and barley in the fall. Novomyrhorod 10.07.2015 year.
In Novomirgorod Kirovograd region held a seminar on the use of micronutrients Adobe, which has already become traditional.
Chairman Novomirgorod representation Ukrainian agro-chemical company, foal Vasily Mikhailovich, together with the heads of the district and a representative of PKP “Adobe” Vasyuhno Sergei Nikolaevich gave information on the use of micronutrients in the autumn.
A presentation was made Vasyuhno SM
Provision of winter wheat needs in mineral nutrition in the fall promotes normal growth and development of plants, the accumulation of protective substances, and it provides a good winter. Compliance with all elements of the technology during the growing season makes it possible to count on high yield and profitability.
Winter wheat and barley
Autumn period of growth and development of winter wheat and barley is extremely responsible, because in the autumn lays high potential yield of these crops. Since the germination of seeds of winter wheat plants are aimed at the realization of its genetically mortgaged yields.
Under favorable conditions, within 14 – 18 days after germination of winter wheat plants begin bush, that is, to form side shoots, tillering node and nodal roots. Autumn tillering period ends with the onset of freezing temperatures after quenching plants.
Before this period, the plants must achieve not only optimal parameters: create sufficient assimilation leaf surface and sturdy bush, which is composed of side shoots 2-3 fall tillering well developed nodal roots, but also to accumulate a sufficient amount of plastic substances, carbohydrates in knots tillering, undergo quenching that will withstand sub-zero temperatures in the winter.
A characteristic feature of winter wheat and barley is that their performance is put back in the fall due to optimally balanced mineral feeding, adequate water content, light, temperature, air, and the like.
Frost resistance of winter crops is closely related to their preparation for wintering and passage in a state of rest. Thus, in winter bound water content increases and decreases the content of free, content increases – sugars, protein and non-protein nitrogen.
Research and practical application of trace elements detected a significant role in improving the frost resistance of winter crops. It is found that under the influence of zinc and other minerals bound water content is increased in the plants, the water content freezes decreases.
Survival in the treated plants with fertilizers with trace elements such as “Basfoliar 12-4-6 + S together with Salts Salts of Mn and Cu” is – 80-100%
Plants intensively developed, improved their tillering, better developed root system and increases the sugar content in the tillering nodes.
At the same time, it traces the development of improved and the state of winter crops, which is important when entering them in the winter.
For winter wheat plants developed well, we entered the winter-hardened, they must fully meet the macro-and micronutrients.
Their use in the fall to winter wheat and barley provides:
- rapid supply of mineral elements in plant cells and improving metabolic processes;
- additional accumulation of sugars in the plant cells (25%);
- improvement of cold-, frost and winter hardiness of crops;
- forming plants of the same height, it is important before entering the winter;
- extended action tonnes of fertilizer for 15-20 days without rainfall flushing fertilizer;
- improved root development, increase of 6-10% coefficient of assimilation of mineral fertilizing the soil and of the application of mineral fertilizers;
- friendly start spring stairs
- maximum crop seeds genetically incorporated in culture.